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Base de Datos Oracle 11g: Introducción a SQL

DESCRIPCIÓN
Este curso presenta los conceptos básicos sobre datos relacionales, permitiendo a los asistentes escribir subconsultas, combinar múltiples consultas en una de sola mediante operadores SET y confeccionar informes de datos agregados utilizando funciones de grupo. Asimismo, se crean índices y restricciones, y se modifican objetos de esquema ya existentes. A lo largo del curso los alumnos aprenden características avanzadas de SQL para poder hacer consultas y manipular los datos de la base de datos, utilizar las vistas de diccionario para extraer metadatos y crear informes a partir de los objetos de esquema.

Este curso prepara para el examen 1Z0-051: Oracle Database 11g: SQL Fundamentals I, el primero de los dos exámenes conducentes a la certificación Oracle Database 11g Administrator Certified Associate (Oracle 11g DBA OCA).

OBJETIVOS

•  Mostrar datos de múltiples tablas utilizando la sintaxis ANSI SQL 99 JOIN
•  Identificar los principales componentes estructurales de la base de datos Oracle 11g
•  Crear informes a partir de datos agregados
•  Escribir sentencias SELECT que incluyan consultas
•  Extraer datos de filas y columnas de las tablas
•  Ejecutar sentencias de manipulación de datos (DML) en una base de datos Oracle 11g
•  Crear tablas para almacenar datos
•  Utilizar vistas para mostrar los datos
•  Controlar el acceso de la base de datos a objetos específicos
•  Administrar objetos de esquema
•  Administrar objetos con vistas de diccionarios de datos
•  Escribir subconsultas de múltiples columnas
•  Utilizar funciones SQL para extraer datos personalizados
•  Utilizar subconsultas correlativas
•  Utilizar el soporte de expresiones regulares de SQL
•  Crear informes de datos ordenados y restringidos

PARTICIPANTES 
Curso orientado a administradores de bases de datos, analistas de sistemas y programado-res/desarrolladores de aplicaciones.

EQUIPOS Y DURACIÓN 
Se dispone de un ordenador por alumno. El curso tiene una duración de 20 horas (consultar los horarios disponibles en el calendario). El número de plazas es limitado.

REQUISITOS 
Para realizar este curso es recomendable estar familiarizado con conceptos y técnicas de procesamiento de datos.

[Temario]

Introduction to Oracle Database
- List the features of Oracle Database 11g
- Discuss the basic design, theoretical, and physical aspects of a relational database
- Categorize the different types of SQL statements
- Describe the data set used by the course
- Log on to the database using SQL Developer environment
- Save queries to files and use script files in SQL Developer

Retrieve Data using the SQL SELECT Statement
- List the capabilities of SQL SELECT statements
- Generate a report of data from the output of a basic SELECT statement
- Select All Columns
- Select Specific Columns
- Use Column Heading Defaults
- Use Arithmetic Operators
- Understand Operator Precedence
- Learn the DESCRIBE command to display the table structure

Learn to Restrict and Sort Data
- Write queries that contain a WHERE clause to limit the output retrieved
- List the comparison operators and logical operators that are used in a WHERE clause
- Describe the rules of precedence for comparison and logical operators
- Use character string literals in the WHERE clause
- Write queries that contain an ORDER BY clause to sort the output of a SELECT statement
- Sort output in descending and ascending order

Usage of Single-Row Functions to Customize Output
- Describe the differences between single row and multiple row functions
- Manipulate strings with character function in the SELECT and WHERE clauses
- Manipulate numbers with the ROUND, TRUNC, and MOD functions
- Perform arithmetic with date data
- Manipulate dates with the DATE functions


Invoke Conversion Functions and Conditional Expressions
- Describe implicit and explicit data type conversion
- Use the TO_CHAR, TO_NUMBER, and TO_DATE conversion functions
- Nest multiple functions
- Apply the NVL, NULLIF, and COALESCE functions to data
- Use conditional IF THEN ELSE logic in a SELECT statement

Aggregate Data Using the Group Functions
- Use the aggregation functions to produce meaningful reports
- Divide the retrieved data in groups by using the GROUP BY clause
- Exclude groups of data by using the HAVING clause

Display Data From Multiple Tables Using Joins
- Write SELECT statements to access data from more than one table
- View data that generally does not meet a join condition by using outer joins
- Join a table to itself by using a self join

Use Sub-queries to Solve Queries
- Describe the types of problem that sub-queries can solve
- Define sub-queries
- List the types of sub-queries
- Write single-row and multiple-row sub-queries

The SET Operators
- Describe the SET operators
- Use a SET operator to combine multiple queries into a single query
- Control the order of rows returned

Data Manipulation Statements
- Describe each DML statement
- Insert rows into a table
- Change rows in a table by the UPDATE statement
- Delete rows from a table with the DELETE statement
- Save and discard changes with the COMMIT and ROLLBACK statements
- Explain read consistency

Use of DDL Statements to Create and Manage Tables
- Categorize the main database objects
- Review the table structure
- List the data types available for columns
- Create a simple table
- Decipher how constraints can be created at table creation
- Describe how schema objects work

Other Schema Objects
- Create a simple and complex view
- Retrieve data from views
- Create, maintain, and use sequences
- Create and maintain indexes
- Create private and public synonyms

Control User Access
- Differentiate system privileges from object privileges
- Create Users
- Grant System Privileges
- Create and Grant Privileges to a Role
- Change Your Password
- Grant Object Privileges
- How to pass on privileges?
- Revoke Object Privileges

Management of Schema Objects
- Add, Modify, and Drop a Column
- Add, Drop, and Defer a Constraint
- How to enable and Disable a Constraint?
- Create and Remove Indexes
- Create a Function-Based Index
- Perform Flashback Operations
- Create an External Table by Using ORACLE_LOADER and by Using
ORACLE_DATAPUMP
- Query External Tables

Manage Objects with Data Dictionary Views
- Explain the data dictionary
- Use the Dictionary Views
- USER_OBJECTS and ALL_OBJECTS Views
- Table and Column Information
- Query the dictionary views for constraint information
- Query the dictionary views for view, sequence, index and synonym information
- Add a comment to a table
- Query the dictionary views for comment information

Manipulate Large Data Sets
- Use Subqueries to Manipulate Data
- Retrieve Data Using a Subquery as Source
- Insert Using a Subquery as a Target
- Usage of the WITH CHECK OPTION Keyword on DML Statements
- List the types of Multitable INSERT Statements
- Use Multitable INSERT Statements
- Merge rows in a table
- Track Changes in Data over a period of time

Data Management in different Time Zones
- Time Zones
- CURRENT_DATE, CURRENT_TIMESTAMP, and LOCALTIMESTAMP
- Compare Date and Time in a Session’s Time Zone
- DBTIMEZONE and SESSIONTIMEZONE
- Difference between DATE and TIMESTAMP
- INTERVAL Data Types
- Use EXTRACT, TZ_OFFSET and FROM_TZ
- Invoke TO_TIMESTAMP,TO_YMINTERVAL and TO_DSINTERVAL

Retrieve Data Using Sub-queries
- Multiple-Column Subqueries
- Pairwise and Nonpairwise Comparison
- Scalar Subquery Expressions
- Solve problems with Correlated Subqueries
- Update and Delete Rows Using Correlated Subqueries
- The EXISTS and NOT EXISTS operators
- Invoke the WITH clause
- The Recursive WITH clause

Regular Expression Support
- Use the Regular Expressions Functions and Conditions in SQL
- Use Meta Characters with Regular Expressions
- Perform a Basic Search using the REGEXP_LIKE function
- Find patterns using the REGEXP_INSTR function
- Extract Substrings using the REGEXP_SUBSTR function
- Replace Patterns Using the REGEXP_REPLACE function
- Usage of Sub-Expressions with Regular Expression Support
- Implement the REGEXP_COUNT function